Snake Venom

Snake Venom

In our previous post we are talking about poisonous and non-poisonous snake and top 10 lethal snake in world.

Now today we are talking about types of snake venom and how to survive from snake bite.

Types of snake venom:

There are many different types of venom that are produced by snakes and other venomous animals. Some of the most common types of venom are:

  • Hemotoxic venom:

This type of venom affects the blood and blood vessels, causing tissue damage, bleeding, and a breakdown of red blood cells. Hemotoxic venom is produced by many types of snakes, including pit vipers, such as rattlesnakes, copperheads, and cottonmouths.


Pit viper




  • Neurotoxic venom:

This type of venom affects the nervous system, causing paralysis, respiratory failure, and other symptoms. Neurotoxic venom is produced by snakes such as cobras, kraits, and coral snakes.




Coral snake

  • Cytotoxic venom:

This type of venom affects cells and tissues, causing necrosis (cell death) and tissue damage. Cytotoxic venom is produced by snakes such as vipers and some species of rattlesnakes.



Some species of rattlesnakes

  • Cardiotoxic venom:

This type of venom affects the heart, causing irregular heartbeats, heart failure, and other symptoms. Cardiotoxic venom is produced by some types of snakes, such as certain species of cobras and vipers, Kraits.

Certain species of cobras

Certain species of vipers

Certain species of Kraits.

  • Myotoxic venom:

This type of venom affects muscle tissue, causing muscle damage and pain. Myotoxic venom is produced by some types of snakes, such as rattlesnakes and vipers.

some types of rattlesnakes

some types of vipers.

It’s important to note that different species of snakes can produce different types of venom, and even within a single species, venom can vary in its composition and effects. Understanding the type of venom involved in a snakebite is important for determining the appropriate treatment and management of the patient’s symptoms.

How to Survive from snake bite:

  • Surviving a snakebite requires prompt and appropriate medical attention. If you or someone you know has been bitten by a snake, here are some steps to take:
  • Stay calm and keep the affected limb or body part immobilized. Try to keep the bite below heart level to slow down the spread of venom.
  • Call for emergency medical assistance immediately, or get to the nearest hospital as quickly as possible. Time is critical in treating snakebites.
  • Do not apply a tourniquet or attempt to suck out the venom, as these methods can actually worsen the injury and lead to more harm than good.
  • Remove any tight clothing or jewelry near the bite site, as swelling can occur.
  • Monitor vital signs, such as breathing and heart rate, and be prepared to perform CPR if necessary.
  • Provide as much information as possible to medical personnel, such as the type of snake involved, the time of the bite, and any symptoms or reactions observed.
  • Be prepared to receive antivenom treatment if recommended by medical personnel. Antivenom is a specific antidote that can neutralize the effects of snake venom and save lives.

Overall, the best way to survive a snakebite is to avoid getting bitten in the first place. Stay aware of your surroundings and avoid walking in areas where snakes are known to be present. Wear protective clothing and shoes when necessary, and be cautious when handling or approaching snakes.

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